Download e-book for iPad: Number Words and Number Symbols: A Cultural History of by Karl Menninger

By Karl Menninger

''The historian of arithmetic will locate a lot to curiosity him the following . . . whereas the informal reader could be intrigued via the author's greater narrative ability." — Library Journal
This publication is not just a desirable advent to the concept that of quantity and to numbers themselves, hut a multifaceted linguistic and old research of ways numbers have built and developed in lots of various cultures. Drawing on proof from background, literature, philosophy and ethnology, famous German student Karl Menninger. recounts the advance of numbers either as they're spoken (and written as phrases) and as symbolic summary numerals which can he with no trouble manipulated and combined.
Despite the colossal erudition the writer brings to the subject, he continues a mild tone all through, featuring a lot of the knowledge in anecdotal shape. in addition, virtually three hundred illustrations (photographs and drawings) and plenty of comparative language tables serve to reinforce the textual content. the writer starts with a lucid remedy of quantity series and quantity language, together with the formation of quantity phrases in either Indo-European and non-IndoEuropean languages, hidden quantity phrases and the evolution of the quantity series. He then turns to written numerals and computations: finger counting, people symbols for numbers, alphabetical numerals, the "German" Roman numerals, the abacus and extra. the ultimate part matters the advance of our modem decimal approach, with its position notation and 0, in response to the Indian quantity method, and its creation to the West throughout the paintings of the Italian mathematician Fibonacci. the writer concludes with a assessment of spoken numbers and quantity symbols in China and Japan.
"The booklet is mainly stable on early counting and calculating units: primitive tally sticks, the knotted cords of old Peru, the flowery finger symbols as soon as used for numbers, counting forums with movable counters, and naturally the abacus." — Martin Gardner, Book World

Show description

Read or Download Number Words and Number Symbols: A Cultural History of Numbers PDF

Similar number systems books

Multiresolution Methods in Scattered Data Modelling (Lecture - download pdf or read online

This application-oriented paintings issues the layout of effective, powerful and trustworthy algorithms for the numerical simulation of multiscale phenomena. To this finish, quite a few glossy innovations from scattered info modelling, resembling splines over triangulations and radial foundation capabilities, are mixed with personalized adaptive innovations, that are built separately during this paintings.

Download PDF by Marinus A. Kaashoek,Sebastiano Seatzu,Cornelis van der Mee: Recent Advances in Operator Theory and Its Applications: The

This e-book features a choice of conscientiously refereed study papers, so much of which have been offered on the fourteenth overseas Workshop on Operator concept and its purposes (IWOTA), held at Cagliari, Italy, from June 24-27, 2003. The papers, a lot of that have been written by means of best specialists within the box, difficulty a wide selection of issues in sleek operator concept and purposes, with emphasis on differential operators and numerical equipment.

Download PDF by Juan Carlos De los Reyes: Numerical PDE-Constrained Optimization (SpringerBriefs in

This booklet introduces, in an obtainable manner, the fundamental parts of Numerical PDE-Constrained Optimization, from the derivation of optimality stipulations to the layout of resolution algorithms. Numerical optimization equipment in function-spaces and their program to PDE-constrained difficulties are conscientiously provided.

Download PDF by Santanu Saha Ray: Numerical Analysis with Algorithms and Programming

Numerical research with Algorithms and Programming is the 1st finished textbook to supply precise assurance of numerical tools, their algorithms, and corresponding machine courses. It offers many suggestions for the effective numerical resolution of difficulties in technological know-how and engineering. in addition to quite a few worked-out examples, end-of-chapter workouts, and Mathematica® courses, the publication contains the normal algorithms for numerical computation: Root discovering for nonlinear equationsInterpolation and approximation of features through less complicated computational development blocks, corresponding to polynomials and splinesThe resolution of platforms of linear equations and triangularizationApproximation of services and least sq. approximationNumerical differentiation and divided transformations Numerical quadrature and integrationNumerical recommendations of normal differential equations (ODEs) and boundary worth difficulties Numerical resolution of partial differential equations (PDEs)The textual content develops scholars’ figuring out of the development of numerical algorithms and the applicability of the equipment.

Additional info for Number Words and Number Symbols: A Cultural History of Numbers

Sample text

Download PDF sample

Number Words and Number Symbols: A Cultural History of Numbers by Karl Menninger

by Jason

Rated 4.83 of 5 – based on 44 votes