Download e-book for iPad: Number Words and Number Symbols: A Cultural History of by Karl Menninger
By Karl Menninger
''The historian of arithmetic will locate a lot to curiosity him the following . . . whereas the informal reader could be intrigued via the author's greater narrative ability." — Library Journal
This publication is not just a desirable advent to the concept that of quantity and to numbers themselves, hut a multifaceted linguistic and old research of ways numbers have built and developed in lots of various cultures. Drawing on proof from background, literature, philosophy and ethnology, famous German student Karl Menninger. recounts the advance of numbers either as they're spoken (and written as phrases) and as symbolic summary numerals which can he with no trouble manipulated and combined.
Despite the colossal erudition the writer brings to the subject, he continues a mild tone all through, featuring a lot of the knowledge in anecdotal shape. in addition, virtually three hundred illustrations (photographs and drawings) and plenty of comparative language tables serve to reinforce the textual content. the writer starts with a lucid remedy of quantity series and quantity language, together with the formation of quantity phrases in either Indo-European and non-IndoEuropean languages, hidden quantity phrases and the evolution of the quantity series. He then turns to written numerals and computations: finger counting, people symbols for numbers, alphabetical numerals, the "German" Roman numerals, the abacus and extra. the ultimate part matters the advance of our modem decimal approach, with its position notation and 0, in response to the Indian quantity method, and its creation to the West throughout the paintings of the Italian mathematician Fibonacci. the writer concludes with a assessment of spoken numbers and quantity symbols in China and Japan.
"The booklet is mainly stable on early counting and calculating units: primitive tally sticks, the knotted cords of old Peru, the flowery finger symbols as soon as used for numbers, counting forums with movable counters, and naturally the abacus." — Martin Gardner, Book World